Deutsche Bank

Annual Report 2017

Leverage Ratio

We manage our balance sheet on a Group level and, where applicable, locally in each region. In the allocation of financial resources we favor business portfolios with the highest positive impact on our profitability and shareholder value. We monitor and analyze balance sheet developments and track certain market-observed balance sheet ratios. Based on this we trigger discussion and management action by the Group Risk Committee (GRC). Following the publication of the CRR/CRD 4 framework, we established a leverage ratio calculation according to that framework.

Leverage Ratio according to revised CRR/CRD 4 framework

The CRR/CRD 4 framework introduced a non-risk based leverage ratio that is intended to act as a supplementary measure to the risk based capital requirements. Its objectives are to constrain the build-up of leverage in the banking sector, helping avoid destabilizing deleveraging processes which can damage the broader financial system and the economy, and to reinforce the risk based requirements with a simple, non-risk based “backstop” measure. While the CRR/CRD 4 framework currently does not provide for a mandatory minimum leverage ratio to be complied with by the relevant financial institutions, a legislative proposal published by the European Commission on November 23, 2016 suggests introducing a minimum leverage ratio of 3 %. The legislative proposal provides that the leverage ratio would apply two years after the proposal’s entry into force and remains subject to political discussion among EU institutions.

We calculate our leverage ratio exposure on a fully loaded basis in accordance with Article 429 of the CRR as per Delegated Regulation (EU) 2015/62 of October 10, 2014 published in the Official Journal of the European Union on January 17, 2015 amending Regulation (EU) No 575/2013. In addition, we provide the leverage ratio on a phase-in basis as displayed below in the tables.

Our total leverage ratio exposure includes derivatives, securities financing transactions (SFTs), off-balance sheet exposure and other on-balance sheet exposure (excluding derivatives and SFTs).

The leverage exposure for derivatives is calculated by using the regulatory mark-to-market method for derivatives comprising the current replacement cost plus a regulatory defined add-on for the potential future exposure. Variation margin received in cash from counterparties is deducted from the current replacement cost portion of the leverage ratio exposure measure and variation margin paid to counterparties is deducted from the leverage ratio exposure measure related to receivables recognized as an asset on the balance sheet, provided certain conditions are met. Deductions of receivables for cash variation margin provided in derivatives transactions are shown under derivative exposure in the table “Leverage ratio common disclosure” below. The effective notional amount of written credit derivatives, i.e., the notional reduced by any negative fair value changes that have been incorporated in Tier 1 capital, is included in the leverage ratio exposure measure; the resulting exposure measure is further reduced by the effective notional amount of a purchased credit derivative on the same reference name provided certain conditions are met.

The securities financing transaction (SFT) component includes the gross receivables for SFTs, which are netted with SFT payables if specific conditions are met. In addition to the gross exposure a regulatory add-on for the counterparty credit risk is included.

The off-balance sheet exposure component follows the credit risk conversion factors (CCF) of the standardized approach for credit risk (0 %, 20 %, 50 %, or 100 %), which depend on the risk category subject to a floor of 10 %.

The other on-balance sheet exposure component (excluding derivatives and SFTs) reflects the accounting values of the assets (excluding derivatives and SFTs) as well as regulatory adjustments for asset amounts deducted in determining Tier 1 capital.

The following tables show the leverage ratio exposure and the leverage ratio, both on a fully loaded basis, in accordance with the disclosure tables of the implementing technical standards (ITS) which were adopted by the European Commission via Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/200 published in the Official Journal of the European Union on February 16, 2016. For additional information, they also contain the phase-in figures.

Summary reconciliation of accounting assets and leverage ratio exposures

in € bn.

Dec 31, 2017

Dec 31, 2016

Total assets as per published financial statements



Adjustment for entities which are consolidated for accounting purposes but are outside the scope of regulatory consolidation



Adjustments for derivative financial instruments



Adjustment for securities financing transactions (SFTs)



Adjustment for off-balance sheet items (i.e. conversion to credit equivalent amounts of off-balance sheet exposures)



Other adjustments



Leverage ratio total exposure measure (fully loaded)






Leverage ratio total exposure measure (phase-in)



Leverage ratio common disclosure

in € bn.
(unless stated otherwise)

Dec 31, 2017

Dec 31, 2016


Using a fully loaded definition of Tier 1 capital. The amount using a transitional definition of Tier 1 capital is € (13) billion and € (13) billion as of December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.

Total derivative exposures



Total securities financing transaction exposures



Total off-balance sheet exposures



Other Assets



Asset amounts deducted in determining Tier 1 capital1






Tier 1 capital (fully loaded)



Leverage ratio total exposure measure (fully loaded)



Leverage ratio (fully loaded, in %)






Tier 1 capital (phase-in)



Leverage ratio total exposure measure (phase-in)



Leverage ratio (phase-in, in %)



Description of the factors that had an impact on the leverage ratio in 2017

As of December 31, 2017, our fully loaded CRR/CRD 4 leverage ratio was 3.8 % compared to 3.5 % as of December 31, 2016, taking into account as of December 31, 2017 a fully loaded Tier 1 capital of € 52.9 billion over an applicable exposure measure of € 1,395 billion (€ 46.8 billion and € 1,348 billion as of December 31, 2016, respectively).

Our CRR/CRD 4 leverage ratio according to transitional provisions was 4.1 % as of December 31, 2017 (4.1 % as of December 31, 2016), calculated as Tier 1 capital according to transitional rules of € 57.6 billion over an applicable exposure measure of € 1,396 billion (€ 55.5 billion and € 1,350 billion as of December 31, 2016, respectively). The exposure measure under transitional rules is € 1 billion (€ 2 billion as of December 31, 2016) higher compared to the fully loaded exposure measure as the asset amounts deducted in determining Tier 1 capital are lower under transitional rules.

Based on recent ECB guidance, we have included pending settlements in the calculation of the leverage exposure since the second quarter 2017 based on the asset values as recorded for financial accounting purposes, i.e., for Deutsche Bank Group under IFRS, trade date accounting. The application of trade date accounting leads to a temporary increase of the leverage exposure between trade date and settlement date for regular way asset purchases. The size of the reported increase was € 17 billion at December 31, 2017. It should be noted that under the proposed revision of the Capital Requirement Regulation (“CRR”) as currently drafted this increase would materially reverse out once the revision becomes effective given it allows for the offsetting of pending settlement cash payables and cash receivables for regular way purchases and sales that are settled on a delivery-versus-payment basis.

Following a clarification by the EBA published on January 19, 2018 we have changed the treatment of sold options which form part of a regulatory netting set starting with the fourth quarter 2017. We no longer apply a cap at the maximum possible exposure increase of the netting set that may result from the option and this leads to an increase of the add-ons for potential future exposure for derivatives by € 15 billion.

Over the year 2017, our leverage ratio exposure increased by € 47 billion to € 1,395 billion. This is primarily driven by the € 41 billion increase in Other Assets which in addition to the above mentioned pending settlements also reflects the development on our balance sheet, in particular increases in cash and central bank balances and non-derivative trading assets, partly offset by a decrease in loans. Furthermore, there was an increase of € 23 billion in SFT exposures reflecting higher add-ons for counterparty credit risk and the overall growth on the balance sheet in the SFT related items (securities purchased under resale agreements and securities borrowed, under accrual and fair value accounting as well as receivables from prime brokerage). Derivative exposures decreased by € 11 billion mainly driven by lower replacement costs; the above-mentioned increase of the potential future exposure add-ons for sold options was largely offset by the change from the previous collateral model to a settlement model for the interest rate swaps transacted with the London Clearing House and other reductions. In addition, off-balance sheet exposures decreased by € 7 billion corresponding to lower notional amounts for irrevocable lending commitments and contingent liabilities.

The increase of the leverage ratio exposure in 2017 includes a negative foreign exchange impact of € 82 billion mainly due to the appreciation of the Euro against the U.S. dollar.

Our leverage ratio calculated as the ratio of total assets under IFRS to total equity under IFRS was 22 as of December 31, 2017 compared to 25 as of December 31, 2016.

For main drivers of the Tier 1 capital development please refer to section “Regulatory Capital” in this report.