Deutsche Bank

Annual Report 2017

Variable Compensation Structure

Our compensation structures are designed to provide a mechanism that promotes and supports long-term performance of our employees and our bank. Whilst a portion of VC is paid “upfront”, these structures ensure that an appropriate portion is deferred with the aim to ensure alignment to sustainable performance of the Group.

In our bank we continue to believe that the use of shares or share-based instruments for deferred VC is an effective way to align compensation with Deutsche Bank’s sustainable performance and the interests of shareholders. By using Deutsche Bank shares, the value of the individual’s VC is linked to Deutsche Bank’s share price over the deferral and retention period.

As detailed below, we continue to go beyond certain regulatory requirements with the amount of VC that is deferred and Deutsche Bank’s minimum deferral periods. Whilst ensuring lower compensated employees are not unnecessarily subject to deferrals, we ensure an appropriate amount of deferred VC for higher earners, which generally means that where VC is set at or above € 150,000 and in the case of Material Risk Takers employees at or above € 50,000, the portion of deferred VC increases for VC above these levels. Material Risk Takers are on average subject to deferral rates in excess of the minimum 40 % (60 % for Senior Management) as required by InstVV.

Overview on 2017 Award Types

Award Type



Deferral Period

Retention Period


N/A – Not applicable


For certain AIFMD/UCITS V employees: Employee Investment Plan (“EIP”). These are cash settled awards based on the value of funds managed by the business.


For the purposes of performance-year 2017 annual awards, “Senior Management” is defined as the Deutsche Bank’s “Senior Leadership Cadre”, which includes direct reports of Deutsche Bank AG Management Board Members (excluding non-strategic roles), Management Board Members of the bank’s significant institutions (excluding Deutsche Bank AG and Postbank AG for whom other remuneration systems apply) and other senior employees who are significant influencers and stewards of the Deutsche Bank’s long-term health and performance. All Senior Management employees are also considered MRTs.

Cash VC

Upfront cash proportion

All eligible employees



MRTs: 50 % of upfront VC Non-MRTs: 100 % of upfront VC

Equity Upfront Award (“EUA”)

Upfront equity proportion: The value of the EUA is linked to Deutsche Bank's share price

All MRTs with VC >= € 50,000


12 months

50 % of upfront VC

Restricted Incentive Award (“RIA”)1

Non-equity based portion (deferred cash compensation)

All employees with deferred VC

Pro rata vesting over four years


50 % of deferred VC

Restricted Equity Award (“REA”)1

Deferred equity portion: The value of the REA is linked to Deutsche Bank's share price over the vesting and retention period

All employees with deferred VC

Pro rata vesting over four years Senior Management: 4.5 year cliff-vesting2

6 months for MRTs

50 % of deferred VC

In addition to the standard Group approach detailed above, we have decided to apply a stricter approach with regard to VC awards granted to Directors and Managing Directors in the Corporate & Investment Bank: The effective deferral threshold for this population is set at € 130,000 (for MRTs at € 50,000) and the proportion of VC that is deferred generally increases faster with increasing levels of the overall amount of compensation awarded than for employees in other areas of the bank, to align their VC even more closely with the sustainable performance of the Group. Furthermore, those Directors and Managing Directors with either Fixed Pay or VC in excess of € 500,000 are subject to a VC deferral of 100 %.

Our employees are not allowed to sell, pledge, transfer or assign a deferred award or any rights in respect to the award. They may not enter into any transaction having an economic effect of hedging any variable compensation, for example offsetting the risk of price movement with respect to the equity-based award. Our Human Resources and Compliance functions work together to monitor employee trading activity and to ensure that all our employees comply with this requirement.