09 – General and Administrative Expenses

in € m.

2014

2013

2012

1

Prior period comparatives have been restated in order to reflect changes in the Group’s cost reporting.

2

Includes litigation related expenses of € 1.6 billion in 2014, € 3.0 billion in 2013 and € 2.5 billion in 2012. See Note 29 “Provisions”, for more detail on litigation.

General and administrative expenses:

 

 

 

IT costs

3,333

3,074

2,547

Occupancy, furniture and equipment expenses

1,978

2,073

2,115

Professional service fees1

2,029

1,772

1,887

Communication and data services1

725

706

756

Travel and representation expenses1

500

496

579

Banking and transaction charges1

660

743

1,274

Marketing expenses

313

314

362

Consolidated investments

811

797

760

Other expenses1,2

4,305

5,151

4,736

Total general and administrative expenses

14,654

15,126

15,017


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