The regulatory capital requirements for the credit risk of banking book securitizations are determined based on the securitization framework pursuant to Articles 242 to 270 CRR, which distinguishes between credit risk standardized approach (“CRSA”)-securitization positions and internal ratings based approach (“IRBA”)-securitization positions. The classification of securitization positions as either CRSA- or IRBA-securitization positions depends on the nature of the securitized portfolio. Basically, CRSA-securitization positions are those where the securitized portfolio predominantly includes credit risk exposures, which would qualify as CRSA-exposures under the credit risk framework if they would be held by us directly. Otherwise, if the majority of the securitized portfolio would qualify as IRBA-exposures, the securitization positions qualify as IRBA-securitization positions.
The risk weights of CRSA-securitization positions are derived from their relevant external ratings, when applicable. External ratings must satisfy certain eligibility criteria for being used in the risk weight calculation. Eligible external ratings are taken from Standard & Poor’s, Moody’s, Fitch Ratings and DBRS. If more than one eligible rating is available for a specific securitization position, the relevant external rating is determined as the second best eligible rating in accordance with the provisions set forth in Article 269 CRR. CRSA-securitization positions with no eligible external rating receive a risk weight of 1,250 % unless they qualify for the application of the Internal Assessment Approach according to Article 109(1) CRR in conjunction with Article 259(3) CRR or for the application of the risk concentration approach pursuant to Article 253 CRR which might lead to a risk weight below 1,250 %.
The risk weight of IRBA-securitization positions is determined according to the following hierarchy:
- If one or more eligible external ratings exist for the IRBA-securitization position, or if an external rating can be inferred from an eligible external rating of a benchmark securitization position, the risk weight is derived from the relevant external rating (ratings based approach).
- Otherwise, if no eligible external rating exists or can be inferred, the risk weight of the IRBA-securitization position will generally be determined based on the supervisory formula approach pursuant to Section 262 CRR or the internal assessment approach pursuant to Article 259 (3) and (4) CRR.
- If neither of the aforementioned approaches can be applied, the position receives a risk weight of 1,250 %.
The ratings based approach applies to a material part of our IRBA- and CRSA-securitization positions, largely in the lower (better) risk weight bands. We use the external ratings of Standard & Poor’s, Moody’s, Fitch Ratings and DBRS. The majority of securitization positions with an eligible external or inferred external credit assessment are securitization positions held as investor. The risk concentration approach is applied to a few CRSA-securitization exposures that are small compared with the total amount of our banking book securitization exposures. The scope of application of the supervisory formula approach and of the internal assessment approach is described below.
There is no securitization position for which we have applied the special provisions for originators of securitization transactions which include an investor’s interest to be recognized by the originator pursuant to Article 256 CRR respectively Article 265 CRR.