As part of the Basel 3 rules, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision specified two minimum liquidity standards for banks:
The Liquidity Coverage Ratio (LCR): Finalized by the Basel Committee in January 2013, the LCR is intended to promote the short-term resilience of a bank’s liquidity risk profile over a 30 day stress scenario. The ratio is defined as the amount of High Quality Liquid Assets (“HQLA”) that could be used to raise liquidity, measured against the total volume of net cash outflows, arising from both actual and contingent exposures, in a stressed scenario.
This requirement has been implemented into European law, via the European Commission Delegated Act, published on January 17, 2015. Compliance with the LCR, will not be required in Europe until October 1, 2015 at the earliest. The Liquidity Coverage Ratio is subject to a transitional phase-in period, starting at 60 % in October 2015, which will be increased to 70 % in 2016, 80 % in 2017 and 100 % in 2018. The European Banking Authority (EBA) is in the process of consulting on reporting formats for calculating the standard, in accordance with the Delegated Act.
In order to allow for better comparability, our pro forma LCR of 119 % as of December 31, 2014 has been calculated in accordance with the Basel 3 specification.
The Net Stable Funding Ratio (NSFR): Basel 3 also contains a proposal to introduce a net stable funding ratio (NSFR) to reduce medium to long-term funding risks by requiring banks to fund their activities with sufficiently stable sources of funding. The NSFR requires banks to maintain a stable funding profile in relation to their on- and off-balance sheet activities. The ratio is defined as the amount of Available Stable Funding (the portion of capital and liabilities expected to be a stable source of funding), relative to the amount of Required Stable Funding (a function of the liquidity characteristics of various assets held).
Although the NSFR is scheduled to become a minimum standard internationally, by January 1, 2018, the ratio is subject to national implementation. In Europe, rules on the NSFR are due to be finalized by the European Commission, in the form of a Delegated Act due in 2016. Therefore, for European banks, the final format of the ratio and associated implementation timeframe has not yet been confirmed.