Total equity as of December 31, 2014 increased by € 18.3 billion compared to December 31, 2013. The main factors contributing to this development were a capital increase of € 8.5 billion from the issuance of 359,8 million new common shares in June 2014 and the issuance of new additional equity components (Additional Tier 1 securities, treated as equity according to IFRS) of € 4.7 billion on May 20 and on November 19, 2014. Further contributing to the increase were net income attributable to Deutsche Bank shareholders of € 1.7 billion, positive effects from exchange rate changes of € 2.9 billion (especially in the U.S. dollar), unrealized net gains on financial assets available for sale of € 1.4 billion, which mainly resulted from improved market prices of debt securities from European issuers. Partly offsetting were cash dividends paid to Deutsche Bank shareholders of € 765 million.
The calculations of the regulatory capital numbers and ratios presented in this report include year-end profits after the deduction of a dividend payment of € 0.75 per share proposed by the Management Board to the Supervisory Board and the Annual General Meeting. For further details we refer to our paragraph “Treatment of year-end profits for the solvency report” in the section .
The calculation of our regulatory capital as of December 31, 2013 is based on the “Basel 2.5” framework. Starting January 1, 2014, the calculation of our regulatory capital, risk-weighted assets and capital ratios incorporates the capital requirements following the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR) and Capital Requirements Directive 4 (CRD 4), published on June 27, 2013 including certain transitional rules. Therefore when referring to the results according to the transitional rules that are currently applicable to us, we use the term “CRR/CRD 4”. When referring to the results according to the full application of the final framework we use the term “fully loaded CRR/CRD 4”.
Our Tier 1 capital according to CRR/CRD 4 as of December 31, 2014 was € 63.9 billion resulting in a CRR/CRD 4 Tier 1 capital ratio of 16.1 %. As of December 31, 2013, our Tier 1 capital according to Basel 2.5 was € 50.7 billion, resulting in a Basel 2.5 Tier 1 capital ratio of 16.9 %. Our Common Equity Tier 1 (CET 1, referred to as Core Tier 1 under Basel 2.5) capital according to CRR/CRD 4 was € 60.1 billion, resulting in a CRR/CRD 4 CET 1 capital ratio of 15.2 % as of December 31, 2014. At the end of 2013 our CET 1 capital was € 38.5 billion according to Basel 2.5, resulting in a Basel 2.5 CET 1 capital ratio of 12.8 %.
The implementation of the new capital requirements under CRR/CRD 4 has led to a negative first-day application effect of € 1.5 billion in our Tier 1 capital. The decrease was driven by the derecognition of our legacy Hybrid Tier 1 capital instruments that will no longer qualify as Tier 1 capital under the full application of CRR/CRD 4 and that exceeded the maximum recognizable amount (‘cap’) of AT1 instruments subject to phase-out arrangements by € 2.2 billion. The decline in our Tier 1 capital also resulted from deductions of € 1.5 billion that were phased in with 20 % in 2014, mainly relating to deductions of deferred tax assets and defined benefit pension assets. The decrease was partially offset by positive first-day application effects from securitization positions of € 0.9 billion where we have opted for a risk weight of 1,250 % instead of deduction treatment. A further positive effect resulted from significant investments in financial and insurance entities of € 1.2 billion which benefited from the deduction exemption for amounts below 15 % of the relevant CET 1 capital and were instead risk-weighted at 250 %.
We further had an increase in our Tier 1 capital resulting mainly from a capital increase from authorized capital against cash contributions with gross proceeds of € 8.5 billion and the issuance of CRR/CRD 4 compliant Additional Tier 1 Notes (the “AT1 Notes”), executed in two transactions, with an eligible amount of € 4.6 billion. Our net income attributable to Deutsche Bank shareholders of € 1.7 billion, after deduction of our accrual for dividend and AT1 coupons of € 1.2 billion, also contributed to the increase. We further saw positive impacts from foreign exchange movements on our Tier 1 capital of € 1.5 billion.
Our fully loaded CRR/CRD 4 Tier 1 capital as of December 31, 2014 was € 50.7 billion resulting in a fully loaded CRR/CRD 4 Tier 1 capital ratio of 12.9 %. Our fully loaded CRR/CRD 4 Common Equity Tier 1 capital was € 46.1 billion, resulting in a fully loaded CRR/CRD 4 Common Equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 11.7 % as of December 31, 2014.
As of December 31, 2014 our fully loaded CRR/CRD 4 Tier 1 capital was € 13.2 billion lower compared to our CRR/CRD 4 Tier 1 capital due to the derecognition of our legacy Hybrid Tier 1 capital instruments of € 10.0 billion as well as the full consideration of certain CET 1 deductions of in total € 3.6 billion, mainly relating to deferred tax assets and defined benefit pension fund assets, that were deducted from AT1 capital according to the transitional rules.
Risk-weighted assets (RWA) according to CRR/CRD 4 were € 397 billion as of December 31, 2014, compared with € 300 billion at the end of 2013 according to Basel 2.5 rules. RWA for credit risk increased by € 42 billion largely reflecting the impact from the CRR/CRD 4 framework, the impact from foreign exchange movements mainly during the second half of the year as well as from model updates. This was partly offset by further de-risking efforts and asset sales. The new calculation of RWA for the CVA according to the CRR/CRD 4 framework contributed € 21 billion to the overall increase. The RWA increase of € 17 billion for market risk was primarily driven by the inclusion of former capital deduction items for higher risk securitization positions into the RWA calculation according to the CRR/CRD 4 framework, partly offset by movement in risk levels. Operational Risk RWA were € 16 billion higher mainly caused by our early recognition of enhancements to our Advanced Measurement Approach (AMA) model in the second quarter of 2014 as well as by effects from the model change related to reasonably possible litigation losses.
Risk-weighted assets according to CRR/CRD 4 fully-loaded were € 394 billion as of December 31, 2014. In addition to the above mentioned movements we had a RWA decrease of € 3 billion mainly driven by pension fund relief.