Derivatives – Credit Valuation Adjustment
We establish a counterparty Credit Valuation Adjustment (“CVA”) for OTC derivative transactions to cover expected credit losses. The adjustment amount is determined by assessing the potential credit exposure to a given counterparty and taking into account any collateral held, the effect of any relevant netting arrangements, expected loss given default and the credit risk, based on available market information, including CDS spreads.
We recorded € 209 million in CVAs against our aggregate monoline exposures as of December 31, 2013, down compared with € 737 million as of December 31, 2012. For more details about CVAs for monoline counterparties, please refer to section .
Treatment of Default Situations under Derivatives
Unlike standard loan assets, we generally have more options to manage the credit risk in our OTC derivatives when movement in the current replacement costs of the transactions and the behavior of our counterparty indicate that there is the risk that upcoming payment obligations under the transactions might not be honored. In these situations, we are frequently able under prevailing contracts to obtain additional collateral or terminate the transactions or the related master agreement at short notice.
The master agreements executed with our clients usually provide for a broad set of standard or bespoke termination rights, which allow us to respond swiftly to a counterparty’s default or to other circumstances which indicate a high probability of failure. When our decision to terminate derivative transactions or the related master agreement results in a residual net obligation owed by the counterparty, we restructure the obligation into a non-derivative claim and manage it through our regular work-out process. As a consequence, for accounting purposes we typically do not show any nonperforming derivatives.
Wrong way risk occurs when exposure to a counterparty is adversely correlated with the credit quality of that counterparty. In compliance with Section 224 (8) and (9) SolvV we, excluding Postbank, had established a monthly process to monitor specific wrong way risk, whereby transactions subject to wrong way risk are automatically selected and presented for comment to the responsible credit officer. In addition, we, excluding Postbank, utilized our established process for calibrating our own alpha factor (as defined in Section 223 (7) SolvV) to estimate the overall wrong-way risk in our derivatives and securities financing transaction portfolio. Postbank derivative counterparty risk is immaterial to the Group and collateral held is typically in the form of cash.