Balance Sheet Management

We manage our balance sheet on a Group level and, where applicable, locally in each region. In the allocation of financial resources we favor business portfolios with the highest positive impact on our profitability and shareholder value. We monitor and analyze balance sheet developments and track certain market-observed balance sheet ratios. Based on this we trigger discussion and management action by the Capital and Risk Committee. While we monitor IFRS balance sheet developments, our balance sheet management is principally focused on adjusted values as used in our adjusted leverage ratio, which is calculated using adjusted total assets and adjusted total equity figures.

Leverage Ratio: We calculate our leverage ratio as a non-GAAP financial measure by dividing total assets by total equity. We disclose an adjusted leverage ratio for which the following adjustments are made to the reported IFRS assets and equity:

  • Total assets under IFRS are adjusted to reflect additional netting provisions to obtain total assets adjusted. Under IFRS offsetting of financial assets and financial liabilities is required when an entity, (1) currently has a legally enforceable right to set off the recognized amounts; and (2) intends either to settle on a net basis, or to realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously. IFRS specifically focuses on the intention to settle net in the ordinary course of business, irrespective of the rights in default. As most derivative contracts covered by a master netting agreement do not settle net in the ordinary course of business they must be presented gross under IFRS. Repurchase and reverse repurchase agreements are also presented gross, as they also do not settle net in the ordinary course of business, even when covered by a master netting agreement. It has been industry practice in the U.S. to net the receivables and payables from unsettled regular way trades. This is not permitted under IFRS.
  • Total equity under IFRS is adjusted to reflect pro-forma fair value gains and losses on our own debt (post-tax, estimate assuming that substantially all of our own debt was designated at fair value), to obtain total equity adjusted. The tax rate applied for this calculation is a blended uniform tax rate of 35 %.

We apply these adjustments in calculating the adjusted leverage ratio to improve comparability with competitors. The definition of the adjusted leverage ratio is used consistently throughout the Group in managing the business. There will still be differences in the way competitors calculate their leverage ratios compared to our definition of the adjusted leverage ratio. Therefore our adjusted leverage ratio should not be compared to other companies’ leverage ratios without considering the differences in the calculation. Our adjusted leverage ratio is not likely to be identical to, nor necessarily indicative of, what our leverage ratio would be under any current or future bank regulatory leverage ratio requirement.

Leverage ratio

in € bn. (unless stated otherwise)

Dec 31, 2012

Dec 31, 2011


The estimated cumulative tax effect on pro-forma fair value gains (losses) on such own debt was € (0.9) billion and € (2.4) billion at December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.

Total assets (IFRS)



Adjustment for additional derivatives netting



Adjustment for additional pending settlements netting



Adjustment for additional reverse repo netting



Total assets (adjusted)






Total equity (IFRS)



Adjustment for pro-forma fair value gains (losses) on own debt (post-tax)1



Total equity (adjusted)






Leverage Ratio in % (IFRS)



Leverage Ratio in % (adjusted)



As of December 31, 2012, on a consolidated basis our adjusted leverage ratio was materially unchanged compared to the prior year-end, and is well below our leverage ratio target of 25. Our leverage ratio calculated as the ratio of total assets under IFRS to total equity under IFRS was 37 as of December 31, 2012, a slight decrease compared to end of 2011.

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