The accompanying condensed consolidated interim financial statements, which include Deutsche Bank AG and its subsidiaries, are stated in euros, the presentation currency of the Group. They are presented in accordance with the requirements of IAS 34, “Interim Financial Reporting”, and have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”) as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (“IASB”) and endorsed by the European Union (“EU”). The Group’s application of IFRS results in no differences between IFRS as issued by the IASB and IFRS as endorsed by the EU.
Deutsche Bank’s condensed consolidated interim financial statements are unaudited and include supplementary disclosures on segment information, income statement and balance sheet and other financial information. They should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements of Deutsche Bank for 2009, for which the same accounting policies have been applied, except for changes due to the adoption of the revised version of IFRS 3, “Business Combinations”, the amended version of IAS 27, “Consolidated and Separate Financial Statements”, and the “Improvements to IFRS 2009”. For the impact of the adoption of these amendments please refer to “”.
The preparation of financial statements under IFRS requires management to make estimates and assumptions for certain categories of assets and liabilities. Areas where this is required include the fair value of certain financial assets and liabilities, the allowance for loan losses, the impairment of assets other than loans, goodwill and other intangibles, the recognition and measurement of deferred tax assets, provisions for uncertain income tax positions, legal and regulatory contingencies, the reserves for insurance and investment contracts, reserves for pensions and similar obligations. These estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the balance sheet date, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from management’s estimates and the results reported should not be regarded as necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for the entire year.
The Group applies estimates in determining the allowance for loan losses in its homogeneous loan portfolio which use statistical models based on historical experience. On a regular basis the Group performs procedures to align input parameters and model assumptions with historically evidenced loss levels. Alignment of input parameters and model assumptions in 2009 led to a one-time release of loan loss allowance of € 60 million in the first quarter 2009 as well as a lower level of provisions for credit losses of € 28 million for the first quarter 2010.
In the second quarter 2009 retrospective adjustments were made in the income statement to present premiums paid for financial guarantees as expenses instead of offsetting them against revenues because they are not directly related to a revenue generating activity. The adjustment did not have an impact on net income but resulted in an increase of € 36 million in both, Other income and General and administrative expenses.