Risk Management Executive Summary

The overall focus of Risk and Capital Management in 2010 was on maintaining our risk profile in line with our risk strategy, strengthening our capital base and supporting the Group’s strategic initiatives under phase 4 of our management agenda. This approach is reflected across the different risk metrics summarized below.

Credit Risk

  • Diligent adherence to our core credit principles of proactive and prudent risk management, coupled with the economic recovery in our key markets in 2010 has resulted in lower credit losses and further improved quality of our non-Postbank credit portfolio. This has been achieved by stringent application of our existing risk management philosophy of strict underwriting standards, active concentration risk management and risk mitigation strategies including collateral, hedging, netting and credit support arrangements.
  • Our provision for credit losses in 2010 was € 1.3 billion which is significantly lower than € 2.6 billion in 2009. The € 1.3 billion in 2010 included € 278 million of new provisions relating to assets reclassified in accordance with IAS 39. Our provision for non IAS 39 assets in 2010 also declined during the year to € 996 million (including € 56 million of Postbank related provisions in 2010) compared to € 1.4 billion in 2009.
  • The portion of our corporate loan book carrying an investment-grade rating improved from 61 % at December 31, 2009 to 69 % at December 31, 2010, reflecting positive rating migration and the first-time inclusion of Postbank positions.
  • Excluding acquisitions, the loan portfolio grew by 3 % or € 8 billion whilst adhering to strict risk/reward requirements.
  • With the consolidation of Postbank on December 3, 2010, our loan portfolio increased by € 129 billion, principally in German retail loans but also including € 15 billion commercial real estate loans.

Market Risk

  • In 2010, we continued to increase the number and specialization of our Market Risk Management staff.
  • The economic capital usage for trading market risk totaled € 6.4 billion at year-end 2010 compared with € 4.6 billion at year-end 2009. The increase reflected methodology changes and more conservative liquidity assumptions. This was partially offset by a reduction in our legacy (trading) credit exposure.
  • The decrease in average value-at-risk in 2010 was driven primarily by reduced risk taking and lower historical volatilities. In addition our trading business continued to recalibrate the business model towards taking less risk in illiquid or complex exposures.

Operational Risk

  • Operational risk economic capital usage increased by € 189 million, or 5 %, to € 3.7 billion as of December 31, 2010. The increase is fully explained by acquisitions.

Liquidity Risk

  • Liquidity Reserves (excluding Postbank) exceeded € 145 billion as of December 31, 2010.
  • 2010 issuance activities amounted to € 22.9 billion as compared to a planned € 19 billion (excluding Postbank).
  • The Postbank acquisition added significant stable funding sources.

Capital Management

  • We successfully completed the capital increase in October 2010 with net proceeds of € 10.1 billion.
  • The Core Tier 1 capital ratio, which excludes hybrid instruments, was 8.7 % at the end of 2010, at the same level as at the end of 2009.
  • Tier 1 capital ratio was 12.3 % at the end of 2010, compared to 12.6 % at the end of 2009, and substantially above our published target level of at least 10.0 %.
  • Risk-weighted assets were up by € 73 billion to € 346 billion at the end of 2010, mainly due to the consolidation of Postbank.

Balance Sheet Management

  • As of December 31, 2010, our leverage ratio according to our target definition was 23 at the same level as at the end of 2009, and below our leverage ratio target of 25. The impact from our acquisitions on our total assets was fully compensated for by the impact of our rights issue on the applicable equity.


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