We frequently underwrite commitments with the intention to sell down or distribute part of the risk to third parties. These commitments include the undertaking to fund bank loans and to provide bridge loans for the issuance of public bonds. The risk is that we may not be successful in the distribution of the facilities. In this case, we would have to hold more of the underlying risk than intended for longer periods of time than originally intended.
For risk management purposes we treat the full amount of all such commitments as credit exposure requiring credit approval. This approval also includes our intended final hold. Amounts which we intend to sell are classified as trading assets and are subject to fair value accounting. The price volatility is monitored in our market risk process. We protect the value of these assets against adverse market movements via adequate credit documentation for these transactions and market risk hedges (most commonly using related indices), which are also captured in our market risk process.