Our Treasury function manages our capital at Group level and locally in each region, except that Postbank manages its capital on a group level and locally on its own. The allocation of financial resources, in general, and capital, in particular, favors business portfolios with the highest positive impact on our profitability and shareholder value. As a result, Treasury periodically reallocates capital among business portfolios.
Treasury implements our capital strategy, which itself is developed by the Capital and Risk Committee and approved by the Management Board, including the issuance and repurchase of shares. We are committed to maintain our sound capitalization. Overall capital demand and supply are constantly monitored and adjusted, if necessary, to meet the need for capital from various perspectives. These include book equity based on IFRS accounting standards, regulatory capital and economic capital. Since October 2008, our target for the Tier 1 capital ratio continued to be at 10 % or above.
The allocation of capital, determination of our funding plan and other resource issues are framed by the Capital and Risk Committee.
Regional capital plans covering the capital needs of our branches and subsidiaries are prepared on a semi-annual basis and presented to the Group Investment Committee. Most of our subsidiaries are subject to legal and regulatory capital requirements. Local Asset and Liability Committees attend to those needs under the stewardship of regional Treasury teams. Furthermore, they safeguard compliance with requirements such as restrictions on dividends allowable for remittance to Deutsche Bank AG or on the ability of our subsidiaries to make loans or advances to the parent bank. In developing, implementing and testing our capital and liquidity, we take such legal and regulatory requirements into account.
On October 6, 2010, we completed a capital increase from authorized capital against cash contributions. In total, 308.6 million new registered no-par value shares (common shares) were issued, resulting in gross proceeds of € 10.2 billion. The net proceeds of € 10.1 billion raised in the issuance (after expenses of approximately € 0.1 billion, net of tax) were primarily used to cover the capital consumption from the consolidation of Postbank, and, in addition, to support the existing capital base.
Treasury executes the repurchase of shares. As of January 1, 2010, the number of shares held in Treasury from buybacks totaled 0.6 million. The 2009 Annual General Meeting granted our management board the authority to buy back up to 62.1 million shares before the end of October 2010. During the period from January 1, 2010 until the 2010 Annual General Meeting, 11.1 million shares (or 2 % of shares issued) were purchased. Thereof 10.6 million were used for equity compensation purposes. As of the 2010 Annual General Meeting on May 27, 2010, the number of shares held in Treasury from buybacks totaled 1.0 million. The 2010 Annual General Meeting granted our management board the authority to buy back up to 62.1 million shares before the end of November 2014. Thereof 31.0 million shares can be purchased by using derivatives. During the period from the 2010 Annual General Meeting until December 31, 2010, 18.8 million shares were purchased, of which 0.5 million were purchased via sold put options which were executed by the counterparty at maturity date. 9.8 million of the total 18.8 million shares repurchased were used for equity compensation purposes in 2010 and 9.0 million shares were used to increase our Treasury position for later use for future equity compensation. As of December 31, 2010, the number of shares held in Treasury from buybacks totaled 10.0 million.
Total outstanding hybrid Tier 1 capital (substantially all noncumulative trust preferred securities) as of December 31, 2010, amounted to € 12.6 billion compared to € 10.6 billion as of December 31, 2009. This increase was mainly due to the consolidation of € 1.6 billion hybrid Tier 1 capital issued by Postbank and foreign exchange effects of the strengthened U.S. dollar on our U.S. dollar denominated hybrid Tier 1 capital. During the first half year 2010 we raised € 0.1 billion of hybrid Tier 1 capital by increasing an outstanding issue.
In 2010, we issued € 1.2 billion of lower Tier 2 capital (qualified subordinated liabilities). Consolidation of Tier 2 capital issued by Postbank added € 2.2 billion of lower Tier 2 capital and € 1.2 billion of profit participation rights. Profit participation rights amounted to € 1.2 billion after and nil before consolidation of Postbank. Qualified subordinated liabilities as of December 31, 2010 amounted to € 10.7 billion compared to € 7.1 billion as of December 31, 2009. Cumulative preferred securities amounted to € 0.3 billion as of December 31, 2010, unchanged to December 31, 2009.
Capital Management at Postbank
Postbank manages its capital by continuously monitoring capital supply and demand. Capital management aims at regulatory as well as at economic capital adequacy, in line with the concept of risk bearing capacity. In general, the capital allocation requires an appropriate return on regulatory capital demand. The capital allocation is approved by Postbank’s Management Board based on a multi year plan.
The regulatory and economic capital demand is permanently monitored to adjust the available capital if required. Capital demand forecasts are regularly determined and carried forward based on the planned development of the business volume and results as well as expected risk parameter changes. Capital ratios are managed in compliance with the Postbank’s Management Board approved statutory guidelines, by steering the existing and new transaction volume, by issuance of Tier 1 and Tier 2 capital instruments or by executing risk mitigating capital market transactions.